Business

Source: BBC News - Business
Barry Fox, 72, says he had "a close shave" with scammers when trying to buy a Rolls Royce on eBay.
With a workforce of just 15 people, the Hiut Denim Company now sells its jeans around the world from its small factory in rural Wales.
Bakery owner John Foster explains how the rising price of imports is affecting his business.
Paying for healthcare in Kenya has got easier thanks to M-Tiba, a mobile "electronic health wallet".
The new action plan means businesses have to make guarantees in order to get financial support.

Source: PRI.org Latest from The World and the GlobalPost
Akayed Ullah, 27, is accused of setting off a pipe bomb in New York City on Monday, injuring five people, including himself. He came to the US from Bangladesh in 2011 on a visa for relatives of a US citizen. Related: Investigators search for clues in attempted New York subway bombing In response to the attack, President Donald Trump has reiterated his call to end “chain migration.” About two-thirds of the 1 million people granted permanent residence in the US each year come from all over the world based on family connections. But there might be a negative impact of halting family-based migration.  “If you get rid of chain migration or limit it severely, you're not just impacting the lives of immigrants, you're actually impacting the US economy at large,” says Pawan Dhingra, sociology professor at Tufts University. The motel industry is one example. Indian immigrants own half of the motels across America, despite making up just a small percentage of the population. Dhingra says that immigrants can bring their extended family to the US to help get small businesses off the ground, providing them with jobs while saving on labor expenses.
For the last 35 years, movie theaters have been banned in Saudi Arabia. That changed on Monday when Saudi Arabia announced it would allow cinemas to open as early as March. It's the latest gesture towards modernization by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, who is also behind measures to permit women to drive and to bring back concerts. When Saudi director Haifaa al-Mansour heard the news, she excitedly took to Twitter: It is a beautiful day in #SaudiArabia! Saudi Arabia says cinemas to get licenses in early 2018 https://t.co/rnecGW3ymH #Saudicinema — Haifaa Al Mansour (@HaifaaMansour) December 11, 2017 Mansour is the first female director out of Saudi Arabia. Her 2012 film, "Wadjda," about an 11-year-old-girl growing up outside of Riyadh who dreams of owning a bike, was the first movie to be submitted by Saudi Arabia to the Academy Awards. Mansour says movies were her lifeline growing up in Saudi Arabia. She remembers standing outside a local Blockbuster Video as a kid, waiting for the man who worked there to fetch her movie selections for her. Women weren't allowed inside the store, she said, because it was considered "a corrupt place." "I come from a small town in Saudi Arabia. And the boredom ... I can't even explain it!" she says. "So it was wonderful to see a lot of movies as a kid, and be part of the big world ...  to experience big emotions like falling in love or people fighting for their countries." Movies, she says, are so important in a place like Saudi Arabia. "People need to embrace the love of life and just have fun. And in that way, we can fight extremist ideology."
When you step inside artist Kalman Aron’s modest apartment in Beverly Hills, a lifetime of creation surrounds you. The walls are covered in paintings and finished canvases are stacked on the floors, a dozen deep. The paintings range from portraits to landscapes to abstract works. They’re just a fraction of the roughly 2,000 pieces Aron says he’s created over the decades. Born in Riga, Latvia, in 1924, Aron started sketching when he was 3. At age 13, he won a competition to paint a portrait of the country’s prime minister. But then came the start of World War II; Germany invaded Latvia in 1941. As in the rest of Europe, the Nazis sought to isolate, imprison and exterminate Latvia’s Jewish population. Aron’s family members were killed in the Riga ghetto and in concentration camps. He was imprisoned in seven concentration and labor camps over the course of four years, not knowing if he’d be alive the next day. But Aron was able to survive when German soldiers discovered his skills as an artist. Camp guards and officers asked Aron to make small portraits of family members in exchange for scraps of bread. Aron’s artistic skills also helped shield him from grueling slave labor that killed many other Jewish inmates. “If I didn’t have a pencil and paper I wouldn’t be [alive]. So the pencil and paper did it,” Aron says. Kalman Aron typically paints at night in a small corner work space in his modest apartment in Beverly Hills. Credit: Saul Gonzalez/PRI After the war ended, Aron lived in a displaced persons camp in Austria and received a scholarship to attend Vienna’s Academy of Fine Arts. In 1949, with only $4 in his pocket, Aron immigrated to the United States with his first wife, settling in Los Angeles. After a stint painting pottery in a factory, Aron started getting work by painting portraits for the city’s wealthy, like the family of Susan Beilby Magee. “I tell you how I met him,” remembers Magee. “I was 6 years old. My mother saw a painting of his on Wilshire Boulevard and wanted him to come over to paint her daughters.” Decades later, Magee met Aron again and decided to write a book about him and his art. Magee says you can trace how Aron came to grips with the trauma of his wartime experiences by studying how his work changed over the decades in Los Angeles. “At the beginning of his time in LA in the '50s, [the paintings] are all gray,” Magee says. “There is no sunlight or people, there is nothing. That was his interior landscape when he arrived. Thirty years later he paints the Hollywood Hills and they are beautiful, full of color.” Aron also painted portraits of prominent figures like Ronald Reagan and author Henry Miller. But Magee says the artist, scarred by his wartime experiences, tried to avoid too much attention. It’s why, she says, Aron’s work and story aren’t better known. “When he came to America, being invisible was equated with safety, so he stayed under the radar his entire career,” Magee says. Aron still paints, usually at night, in a small corner workspace next to his kitchen. “I get interested in something, and I don’t want to go to bed,” Aron says.  Aron’s companion is his fourth wife, Miriam, who’s from Venezuela. She says she often has to prod her husband away from painting to eat or take a walk. Kalman Aron and his wife, Miriam. The walls and floors of their apartment are covered with Kalman's works. Credit: Saul Gonzalez/PRI Aron says his art has saved him more than once — first, during the Holocaust, and now that he’s 93, it’s kept him from something many people his age struggle with. “Dying of boredom,” Aron says. “I’m still talking. I’m still working. They die of boredom.” When Aron does pass away, family and friends hope his collection of works, now stocked around his apartment, will go to museums.
Alejandra Hilbert is spending a Saturday morning in November applying for CalFresh, the California program that used to be called “food stamps.” She is one of 8,000 students at the University of California, Berkeley who have been notified that they may be eligible for government assistance of up to $192 each month to help pay for groceries. Due to recent changes in state policies, more college students like Hilbert may qualify. One of the biggest changes is that students no longer need to work 20 hours per week if they are taking a full-time course load that will improve their chances of getting a job later. Hilbert, the daughter of a single mother who immigrated from Panama and the first in her family to attend college, recently transferred to UC Berkeley after two years at a community college in Sacramento. She decided to live in a dorm, which stretches her budget, but she doesn’t have unlimited access to the cafeteria. Like many students looking to trim costs, she has a plan that offers only 10 meals a week. Hear Hilbert talk about trying to make ends meet — and get an education.   “I have a choice between breakfast or lunch. Am I going to eat in the morning and make it to my 12 o’clock classes? Or am I going wait until 12 and then eat and then have to wait until dinner?” says Hilbert. “Also, I have nothing on the weekends.” She’s double majoring in psychology and legal studies and recently started a part-time campus job for reserved for students with financial need — part of the work-study program — but her first paycheck hasn’t arrived yet. Her friend Alexandra Medina also works on campus one day a week.  “It’s really challenging for me to save up that money and wait for every two weeks to use that money — and it’s not even enough for a week’s worth of food,” says Medina. Hilbert and Medina both heard through social media that representatives from the university and local food banks, farmer’s markets and nutrition programs would be available at a one-day event to help students apply for and understand CalFresh benefits. California recently mandated that colleges inform low-income students if they might qualify for food assistance. Those who can apply include students with disabilities, former foster youth, those receiving government education assistance, such as Cal Grants or Pell Grants, those employed through work-study, or who are first-generation college students, including those enrolled in programs for underrepresented minority groups. Ruben Canedo, chair of UC Berkeley's Basic Needs Committee, organized a clinic on Nov. 11, 2017 to help students learn about healthy eating and get help with the process of applying for CalFresh, California's food assistance program for low-income residents. Credit: Grace Hwang Lynch/PRI “We are consistently one of the most expensive college cities in the country. Berkeley students are being priced out,” says Ruben Canedo, chair of the campus Basic Needs Committee, which oversees access to housing, food and safety. He says that even if a low-income student receives state and federal grants, those funds would only cover one-third of the cost of tuition and housing. “They don’t support themselves the way those grants used to be able to support students.” In the city of Berkeley, studio, one- or two-bedroom apartments on average rent for more than $3,000 per month, according to the online real estate database Zillow. A survey conducted by the University of California at its 10 campuses revealed that one in five of its students skip meals to save money (PDF). But it’s not just a problem in California. In 2016, researchers at the Wisconsin HOPE Lab, part of the University of Wisconsin, Madison, studied nearly 4,000 college students in 12 states. Non-white students are more likely to be hungry: 57 percent of black students, 56 percent of Latinos and 45 percent of Asian students reported food insecurity. Among white students, the rate was 40 percent. Some students at the Berkeley CalFresh event say they previously avoided applying for assistance because they were afraid the process would be confusing or full of red tape. Others say they didn’t need benefits in the past, but circumstances have changed. Su Sone, a fourth-year student majoring in nutritional science, is among the new applicants. “I was working at Cal Dining 20 hours a week last year. I know I qualified, but I was getting money so I didn’t really need it. I recently quit my job because I was getting behind on the classes. Now, I need money for food,” she says. “I feel there is a definitely a stigma to it, especially when you refer to the old title which is ‘food stamps.’ People think that it’s a government handout,” says Hong Heng, a fourth-year philosophy major who also works as the campus CalFresh coordinator. “But we just try to tell students this is just a program that they can apply for that can help them with their budget.” Heng knows about the need firsthand. “Last year, I was honestly living through things from the food pantry,” she says. She says she might have withdrawn from the university if not for that help. Like many universities, UC Berkeley operates an on-campus food pantry stocked with cereal, pasta and canned soups, along with baguettes donated by local bakery Acme Bread and fresh farmers market produce. Students can visit the food pantry twice a month — no questions asked. But they can only pick up five items each time. UC Berkeley student Su Sone learns how to make a low-cost, healthy breakfast wraps at the CalFresh clinic on Nov. 11, 2017. The clinic was held to help students learn about state assistance programs and how to buy and prepare affordable, healthy groceries. Credit: Grace Hwang Lynch/PRI “That’s not a lot,” admits Heng, who now receives $190 each month from CalFresh. “It’s nice to get fruit and vegetables and make something that’s hearty that I want to eat, and not spending that to eat a slice of pizza because it’s cheap.” Even with the push to encourage students to apply for CalFresh, there’s still one group that isn’t eligible: undocumented students — even those who are protected under DACA, the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program that is now being drawn down. “The more students get on CalFresh, the more we can free up food pantry for those who can’t qualify,” says Canedo. And the demand for food is increasing. “In the past month, the food bank served 2,000 students, outpacing the entire first year,” says Fabrizio Mejia, the assistant vice chancellor of Student Equity and Success. The university is expected to spend about $500,000 this year to stock the food pantry. But student activists say that isn’t enough. They are challenging alumni and other donors to raise $2 million for the food pantry. They say that the university found $1.4 million to spend on additional security for planned events with white nationalist Milo Yiannopoulos last spring and this fall, both of which were ultimately cancelled. “We are hoping to use that as a statement to show the campus administrators that perhaps our priorities are a little skewed right now,” says Sara Tsai, a UC Berkeley sophomore who works for the Basic Needs team and also advocates for students. Food policy analysts say it’s hard to estimate how many additional college students will start receiving payments, as each application must be evaluated by a social worker to ensure students meet the academic requirements. Hilbert, the junior who is hoping to supplement her dorm meals with CalFresh, says that better access to food will actually help her to stay enrolled full-time. “We shouldn’t be worrying about where our next meal is coming from. We should worry about how we’re going to excel in education and help further generations or other people that we came to seek out an education to help in the first place,” says Hilbert. She found out  a few weeks after the clinic that she does qualify for CalFresh benefits. Each of the nearly 200 applications filed by UC Berkeley students at the November event will be individually evaluated; so far 80 percent of the people whose applications have been processed have been approved.
Sometimes a story is so outrageous that it’s easy to recognize as fake news. But it can also be much more subtle: It can be hard to flag a story with just one incorrect statement or opinion masquerading as a fact. And if it’s hard for adults to spot fake news, can children do it? The University of Salford teamed up with the BBC Newsround for one year to study how well children ages 9 to 14 can spot false information. “Young people are actually really savvy about the theory of fake news — they’ve heard the term, they can understand it, they can debate it,” says Beth Hewitt, who led the study. What children can’t necessarily do is distinguish fake news from the real thing, especially on social media. Hewitt says the results of the study show that digital literacy should be part of the curriculum in schools, helping kids question who’s writing articles, where links and pictures come from and whether the information has been confirmed elsewhere. “After all, they live in a digital, technological world. [Children] need to know what they should be looking for.” 
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